A super easy Chinese smashed cucumber salad made with basic ingredients including salt, sugar, garlic, vinegar, sesame oil, and chili oil. It can be super delicious even with only 5 minutes of preparation. This is one of the most popular homemade cold dishes in China throughout the year.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Cucumbers are really great for summer. The excellent and crispy taste can help us against the hot weather. There are many cold dishes in China that are equal to salads in the western centuries but this smashed cucumber salad is always the best choice for either quick dishes or large dinners. It is called “ๅ‡‰ๆ‹Œ้ป„็“œ” in Chinese meaning: “cold cucumber salad“.

Unpickled version VS pickled version

Elaine has two ways of making easy Chinese cucumber salad: one is to smash it directly before mixing and the other one is to pickle the cucumber for around 15 minutes with salt to remove extra water content. The unpickled version is much quicker and delicious. While the pickled version gets a more crisper texture and is less fresh in taste. Smashed cucumber can absorb more sauce within the cucumber, resulting in a compound and uniform taste. However pickled cucumber salad has two layers of taste. The first is the combined sauce, which succeeded with a crispy and freshness from the cucumber slices.  I strongly recommend you try both ways if you love cucumber salad the same as me. 

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Do I need to remove the skins?

For the cucumber, pick fresh ones and just peel the thick skin off and remain thin skin, which can help to add some extra green color and also make the smashed cucumber crisper.  If you really do not like the skin, you can peel them all off. Do remember to cut the two ends off.  Or if you use organic small cucumber, keep the skins and just remove the two ends.

Why smash the cucumber?

One of the key tips for this Chinese-style cucumber salad is to smash the cucumber with a wide knife. Smashing will create enough space inside the cucumber, helping the flavors and sauce permeate.

The variations

There are lots of variations of Chinese cucumber salad. This is the very basic and simplest version which doesn’t need a pickled process. The mashed cucumber can be simply served with sesame oil and garlic, a more savory version by adding light soy sauce, or a hot and sour version by adding chili oil and vinegar. Or sometimes, we match the mashed cucumber with other ingredients perfect for cold dishes too like wood ear mushrooms.


Step 1: Prepare Your Cucumber

Wash the cucumber well and trim off the tough skins. For long Enough cucumber, peel off half of the skin and let the remaining add some green colors. Or if you are using organic small cucumber, peel only the skin around 5cm from the two ends. Then cut off the two ends.

Step 2: Smash

Put them onto a larger cutting board and get a wide knife, cut the cucumber lengthwise. Place skin side up and use your knife to smash the cucumber.

Step 3: Cut them into smaller pieces
Add the cucumber into small pieces and transfer to a serving bowl.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Step 4 – Add garlic

chop garlic, finely chop the garlic and place them on top of the cucumber.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Step 5: Add the sauces.

  1. Basic sauce – salt, sugar (optional), and sesame oil.
  2. With light soy sauce and black vinegar
  3. With light soy sauce, black vinegar and chili oil
Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

The light version with only sesame oil, salt, and sugar can be super fresh if you get a high-quality fresh cucumber. Sugar is optional.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

If you want to make this more savory and strong in flavor, add light soy sauce and black vinegar.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

For a spicy cucumber salad, add chili oil to make this extremely delicious.

Chinese cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Recommended Chinese-style salad for hot summer

What to serve with smashed cucumber salad

This cold cucumber salad can match extremely well with almost all savory braised dishes or stir-frying as a side dish. The top choices include: mapo tofu, red braised pork belly, twice cooked pork belly, and Hunan beef stir fry.

smashed cucumber salad|chinasichuanfood.com

Chinese Cucumber Salad

Chinese style smashed cucumber salad
5 from 29 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: Salad
Cuisine: Sichuan cuisine
Keyword: Cucumber
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 2 minutes
Total Time: 7 minutes
Servings: 2
Calories: 113kcal
Author: Elaine


  • 1 fresh English cucumber , or two smaller ones, around 350g
  • 3 garlic cloves , mashed and then chopped
  • 1/4 tsp. sugar , optional
  • salt to taste
  • 1 tbsp. sesame oil
  • 1 tbsp. light soy sauce , optional
  • 1 tsp. black vinegar , optional
  • 1 ~2 tsp. chili oil to taste , optional


  • For long English cucumber, wash the cucumber and peel off tough skins. For small cucumber, remove the two ends.
  • Smash with a wide kitchen knife (like Chinese slicing knife) until the cucumber is well crushed. Then cut into one bite pieces.
  • Transfer all cucumber cubes into a bowl. Mix well with mashed garlic, salt and sugar.
  • Or further add light soy sauce and vinegar to make a more strong version.
  • Or add chili oil for a hot version.


For very tender and young cucumber, you can keep most of the skins.


Calories: 113kcal | Carbohydrates: 10g | Protein: 2g | Fat: 7g | Saturated Fat: 1g | Sodium: 417mg | Potassium: 287mg | Fiber: 1g | Sugar: 4g | Vitamin A: 185IU | Vitamin C: 7.3mg | Calcium: 42mg | Iron: 0.8mg

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  1. Hello Elaine,
    However I am a common Dutchman I like Chinese food and especially the authentic Sichuan kitchen.
    I do not eat meat very often but sometimes the pictures and recipes are mouthwatering and I cannot resist to cook it.
    In the comments for smashed cucumber salad I read about coocked sesame oil. What is the difference between cold pressed oil and coocked oil and how can i make it? Or is is not really nessesary? In Holland Lee Kum Kee sesame oil is easy to buy but I think it is a cold pressed oil and has a rich flavor. I am curious to your reply.

    1. Hi Jos,
      Cold pressed sesame oil actually contains more nutrient substances with rich flavor of course. However toasted sesame seeds has a unique aroma brought by the heating process. You can smell it from toasted sesame seeds. So most Chinese kitchen use toasted sesame oil.

  2. 5 stars
    Hi Elaine,

    this is really a quick, easy and tasty side dish. I really love the combination of the black vinegar and sesame oil in the dressing.

    I make this quite often, which might be related to the fact that when I come home from work sometimes smashing things seems like a great idea ๐Ÿ™‚ I sincerely apologize to the cucumbers. It’s nothing personal ๐Ÿ˜‰

    anyhow great recipe!

      1. Elaine,
        This sounds wonderful. I was curious as to the last sauce you add on top of the cucumbers. I do not see this sauce listed in the ingredients. Would you be so kind as to share the sauce you put on top. Thank you so much!

  3. Excellent recipe. Tasty….great summer dish.
    One cutting board and then into serving dish – so easy on the dishes LOL
    I used Shanxi Vinegar and worked perfectly
    Tasted Just like the side dish in our favorite restaurants

  4. Hi,

    Thank you I’ve bin looking for this receip for awhile now ,so thank you.
    I like eating this one,had it first time in Antwerpen Chinese restaurant Shanghai style cooking.
    It was very good. But can you use garlic roosted sesame as well