Lu Rou Fan (卤肉饭)-Taiwanese braised pork over rice is a comforting family food.

Taiwanese food now enjoys high popularity in mainland China. My family is a big fan of Taiwanese food including the best sport game partner, Taiwanese peppercorn chicken (Yan Su Ji) and this braised pork over rice (Lu Rou fan). Food is always closely related to culture and history. This taiwanese food is quite similar to a popular braised pork belly popular in Mainland China: red-cooked pork belly(Hong Shao Rou).

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

lu rou fan-taiwanese braised pork over rice

Well, this is a recipe I have been thinking about to write for quite a long time. As a fan of Taiwanese rou zao dishes, it may appear with rice or noodles even sticky rice. Along with the strong aroma of small shallots, I can always find some memory back to my university life when the four roommates enjoying this Lu Rou Fan almost once a week at a chain store.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Several tips before making your own lu rou fan at home.

The best ingredient for Lu Rou fan is pork belly. Cut it into long strips and then into small dices. Try to guarantee each piece has both fat and lean meat.  Skin is recommended for lu rou fan recipes as it contains rich collagen which can make the soup even flavory. But if you really do not like the skin, feel free to remove them. 

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Another secret ingredient for Lu Rou Fan is fried shallot: firstly cut the shallots into long shreds (not small pieces, otherwise they will easily get burnt.)

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Heat all the vegetable oil in a wok or sauce pan, add sliced onion in to fry until they becomes dark golden brown. Control your fire especially in the later part to medium or slow and stir continuously. The process may take 10 to 15 minutes.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Set aside to cool down. After cooled, the fried onions will become quite crispy, cut them into smaller pieces.

You can use either fresh or dried shitake mushroom, but the later one yield a stronger taste.  Save the soaking liquid.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Seasonings are also keys to the authentic taste, I get Taiwan Kimlan soy sauce and Taiwanese thickened soy sauce, also known as soy paste (酱油膏) from online food stores. If they are unavailable, you can use high quality light soy sauce to replace Taiwan soy sauce and dark soy sauce to replace thickened soy sauce. The wine I am using in this recipe is Shaoxing rice wine.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Serve with steamed rice and blanched Bok Choy.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Lu Rou Fan-Braised Pork Rice

Lu Rou Fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice
5 from 5 votes
Print Pin Rate
Course: staple
Cuisine: Chinese
Keyword: Braised, pork, Rice
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Cook Time: 1 hour
Total Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Servings: 4
Calories: 1539kcal
Author: Elaine


  • 1000 g pork belly , either skin on or skin off
  • 4 middle shallots , peeled and sliced
  • 1 cup of oil
  • 6 dried shiitake mushroom , pre-hydrated
  • 25 g rock sugar
  • 4 tbsp. light soy sauce
  • 3 tbsp. thickened soy sauce , also known as soy paste. (or 2 tablespoons dark soy sauce)
  • 4 tbsp. Shaoxing wine
  • 4 hard boiled eggs , unshelled
  • 4-5 garlic cloves , sliced
  • 1/4 tsp. white pepper powder
  • 2 green onions
  • 2-3 trees of Bok Choy

Spices (or you can use 1 teaspoon Chinese five spice powder)

  • 4 star anise
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 10 Sichuan peppercorns , optional
  • 1/8 tsp. cumin seeds , optional
  • 1 slice of sand ginger , optional


  • Cut the pork belly into small diced (around 2-3 cm).
  • Heat around 1 cup of oil in a wok or sauce pan, add sliced onion in to fry until they becomes golden brown. Control your fire especially in the final stage and stir continuously. Transfer out to cool down. After cooled, the fried onions will become quite crispy, you crack them in a plastic bag with a rolling pin or chop with a knife.
  • Leave around 1 tablespoon of oil and then fry pork belly until slightly browned and they begin to release oil.
  • Get a iron cast deep pot, transfer pork belly in, add shaoxing wine, soy sauce, thickened soy sauce, garlic slices, spices, white pepper, scallion, rock sugar, diced mushrooms and then strained mushroom soaking water. Then add stock or water until 2-3 cm higher than the pork belly. If you are using regular pot with more escaping steam, slightly add more water. Bring to boil and simmer for 15 minutes over slowest fire.
  • Add fried shallots and hard boiled eggs. Cover the pot and simmer for around 30 minutes to 40 minutes over slowest fire. You may need another 20 to 30 minutes if using regular pot.
  • Use high fire to slightly thicken the soup in the last stage. You can serve directly. But the best taste comes several hours later. When all the flavors are well combined several hours later, re-heat it and stir to prevent sticking. Then serve with steamed rice and blanched vegetables.



Since different brands of soy sauce have different salinities. You can taste the meat after simmer and then adjust the taste by add more light soy sauce.


Calories: 1539kcal | Carbohydrates: 22g | Protein: 34g | Fat: 144g | Saturated Fat: 50g | Cholesterol: 366mg | Sodium: 1593mg | Potassium: 806mg | Fiber: 2g | Sugar: 8g | Vitamin A: 575IU | Vitamin C: 6.8mg | Calcium: 94mg | Iron: 5mg

There should be a shallow layer of sauce at the end, do not dry up it.

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

Lu Rou Fan-Braised Pork Rice

lu rou fan-Taiwanese braised pork over rice

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    1. Hi Judy,
      Sorry I can’t provide suggestion on this because I do not know what you get in your market. You can use only fat and lean interacted part for a successful Lu Rou Fan.

  1. Hi Elaine,

    I just discovered your blog today. What an amazing work !!

    Can I ask what lenses do you use to take these gorgeous photos ?

    Many thanks !

  2. HI Elaine,

    I am a silent reader of your blog and I tried this recipe of yours last week. It was excellent, very tasty indeed! Me and my husband finished 1kg of pork within 2 days. Thank you so much for sharing all your lovely recipes with your readers. I hope you will come up with a recipe for zhajiangmian very soon!

    1. Hi,
      Thanks for your wonderful feedback. I am glad to know that it worked fine for you too. This one is my favorite, no matter with noodles or steamed rice. I will come up with a Sichuan style Zhajiangmian soon.

  3. Hi Elaine,

    Do you think that adding cinnamon to the spices would improve the dish?

    I notice that some lu rou fan recipes have cinnamon, and others don’t.

    1. Hi Richard,
      I do not use cinnamon in traditional Chinese dishes. So for an authentic tastes, I believe cinnamon is not needed by this dish.

  4. 5 stars
    Great recipe Elaine!

    The fact that it can easily be reheated is a big plus, too. So you don’t have to eat it all in one day.
    I serve it with a little bit more gravy than on the pictures, but I guess that is a question of personal preference.
    It is also quite simple to make. The only step you really have to keep an eye on is the frying of the shallots,
    but I guess one could cheat and use pre fried ones from the store.

    For me what makes this dish really stand out is the combination of the pork with the braised eggs, I just love that.

  5. 5 stars
    I made this dish tonight and both me and my hubby were amazed by how delicious it was. The video is very easy to follow too. Thank you for the recipe.

  6. 5 stars
    Absolutely delicious. Even my roommate that doesn’t like trying new things loved it. Tastes good with/without siracha added. Also made bok choy as a side.

  7. Taiwanese luroufan is the absolute _pinnacle_ of comfort food. Although it hurts to say so, it’s even better than jiucai jiaozi and Taiwan hong xiao niurou mian. A nice bowl of ponglai rice topped with luroufan, with heavenly stinky bean curd soup as a side is a lunch or supper not to be missed! I need to get back to food heaven Taiwan. No kidding.