Hot Pot

Welcome to step by This is Elaine, the owner of this blog and also a fan of hot pot. I bet you love Chinese hot pot, right?

Hot pot or also known as Chinese fondue is always my favorite no matter in hot summer or cold winter.  In China, hot pot has a history over 1000 years and until now, it is still the most popular dish for social or family gathering. Elaine will introduce Hot pot from the following sides.

I listed some post related to hot pot which might be the content you are looking for.
How to make soup base at home for hot pot—check soup base for hot pot 
Want to have a spicy chicken hot pot at home–check chicken hot pot recipe

If you want to more information about Chinese hot pot, just leave me a comment and I will be glad to provide more information.

A brief introduction about hot pot

Different types of hot pot in China

What are the essential parts to make hot pot at home

Lists and inspirations of Chinese hot pot

Tips for eating healthy hot pot


 A brief introduction about hot pot

As I mentioned before that hot pot has more than 1000 years of history. It firstly appeared in Mongolia area and then became popular in South part of China in  Tang Dynasty. And now it becomes quite popular in China and people from different areas spread their own types of hot pot out.

Then do you know where the hot pot city of China is now?

The hot pot city is Chongqing, a municipality under Sichuan area. And I believe that many people like spicy hot pot very much. Spicy hot pot is a quite unique type of Sichuan cuisine.

Firstly, the taste and flavor is succeeded from Sichuan cuisine including many seasonings used. However it is not the same with commonly Sichuan dishes. Anyway, hot pot is originated from Sichuan and quite popular in Sichuan area.

Different types of hot pot in China

Base on area

Chinese hot pot has it own flavor and design according to different area, which is also determined by different weather conditions. The most famous type is known as Chongqing hot pot, also known as Sichuan hot pot(to understand the relationship, refer to Chongqing and Sichuan). For more about Sichuan Hot Pot history and overview, check  Szechuan (Sichuan) Hot Pot Overview

spicy hot pot

The next is the worldwide popular Mongolian hot pot in Northeast China Region. In north China, there is famous Beijing lamb hot pot (涮羊肉)also known as mutton hot pot.Following is a picture shows about eating lamb hot pot. For more about Beijing Hot Pot, Check here.

an example of beijing hotpot

In south china such as Guangdong, people are more likely to have seafood hot pot and Hong Kong beef hot pot.

an example of beef hotpot

In central part of china, people like to have venison stew pot. Besides, new versions of hot pot become popular across the whole china including “Three fresh pot”(三鲜火锅) in Hangzhou and “Mixed hot pot” in Shanghai province.

chicken mixed hot pot

Following are some other hot pot pictures not included above to enjoy, please note that the pictures are not photoed by Elaine. I search them on search engine so that I can share you more information about hot pot. I will list my pictures in specific recipe post.

This is a Fish hot pot which is quite popular in Sichuan province. The fermented vegetable used in call Sichuan Pickled Vegetable (四川泡菜)

Fish hotpot


Now, dry pot is considered as a new type of hot pot in China. For dry pot, no soup base is added at the very beginning but it can be added after the meat ingredients are eat out. Generally, shrimp, ribs, chicken, fish ribs are excellent ingredients for dry pot. Additionally, dry pot can also be made only with vegetables. I will expand this in my post–dry pot.

ribs dry pot

  The above is a picture of ribs dry pot!

shrimp dry pot

This is a picture of shrimp dry pot!

Ice hot pot is also a special type of hot pot in China, which is popular in northern part of China including  Inner Mongolia.


Additionally, Chinese hot pot is also divided into four types based on soup base and whether  ingredients are cooked or not previously.

This first type is with light soup base and mainly using method of instant-boil(涮). For this type, dipping sauce play a really important role, since dipping sauce is mostly the sauce of flavors. Instant-boiled mutton hot pot and Guangdong (Hong Kong) hot pot belong to this group.

The second type is with cooked main meat ingredients such as fish or mutton. The pot is mainly used to keep the temperature and instant boil vegetables. Meat flavor certainly matters a lot and meanwhile you can enjoy the faint scent of vegetables. Famously fish hot pot, Chicken hot pot belong to this group.

The third type is with all cooked ingredients not only the meat such as chafing dish. Pot is totally used for keeping it warm. Three mixed hot pot belongs to this group.

The last type is the emphasis on the soup base and dipping sauce at the same time. Soup base of hot pot is stock boiled for a long time. Various flavors come from directly from dipping sauce and indirectly from soup base. For example, Sichuan spicy hot pot or seafood hot pot.

 What are the essential parts to make hot pot at home 

Since hot pot is an ideal and easy meal for social gathering. Then what are the essential parts to make hot pot at home?

Firstly, the equipment!

If you want to make hot pot at home. The basic equipment is a gas powdered or electric hot pot. Then soup and slotted ladles are also required as cutlery.  For detailed list about making hot pot at home, check Equipment by Hot Pot

Then there are three essential parts for hot pot: soup bases, main ingredients and the dips.

Soup Bases –the basic soul of hot pot 

spicy hot pot

Making  hot pot soup base is quite important for a successful hot pot. You can surely purchase one package directly from supermarket or any online store or be brave to make one at home. Generally, there are three types of soup base in Chinese hot pot but any two are commonly used in Sichuan hot pot. (The third type not used in Sichuan hot pot is bland soup base, which is mainly used in Mongolian hot pot or Beijing hot pot).

If you decide to purchase the soup base for your hot pot, then that’s a time-consuming decision. How about we try to make one at home.

The first step we should do is to make a clear broth, which will further added with other spices like chili pepper, doubangjiang and sichuan peppercorn etc. For details about how to make a soup base at home, check my post soup base for hot pot .

Main Ingredients –choose according to your own preference 



Basically, the main ingredients for hot pot are really wide and you can use any you want to have a try. And the most commonly used ingredients include the followings (those are my favorites):

Meat: Chicken, fish, duck, pork, beef, meat balls, seafood and crab
Vegetables: Chinese cabbages, Bean sprouts, green leafy vegetables, shallots
Bean curd product: Tofu, tofu skin, frozen tofu
Fungus: Black fungus, mushrooms, needle mushrooms

Dipping sauces– adjust to different tastes

dipping sauces

There are hundreds of dipping sauces attached to Sichuan hot pot, mainly with the following seasonings and condiments.

Soy sauce, sesame oil, chili, sesame butter, pickled tofu, Sa cha sauce, vinegar, hoisin sauce, peanut butter etc.

Some of the process of making dipping sauces are blending seasoning together. And there is still a way of stir-fry the dips. I will introduce later.

Lists and inspirations of Chinese hot pot

  • Maodu hot pot(毛肚火锅)
  • Double flavor Pot (Yuanyang 鸳鸯hot pot)
  • Green hot pot(绿色火锅)
  • Malatang(麻辣烫)
  • Clear soup hot pot (清汤火锅)
  • Duck hot pot with beer(啤酒鸭火锅)
  • Chicken hot pot with sour soup (酸汤鸡火锅)
  • Spicy chicken hot pot(辣子鸡火锅)
  • Fish hot pot with pickled vegetable(酸菜火锅)
  • Fish hot pot in sour soup (酸汤鱼火锅)
  • Chrysanthemum Hot Pot(茶花火锅)
  • Tofu pudding hot pot(豆花火锅)
  • Beef hot pot(牛肉火锅)
  • Lamb hot pot(羊肉火锅)
  • Chinese dry pot (干锅)


Tips for eating healthy hot pot 

Since I love hot pot and eat lots of different types of hot pot from time to time, besides the delicious tastes, health is also very important. Following are some tips for making health hot pot at home.

1. Choose good soup base to avoid too much fat

The best solution is light soup base of cause. I have to say that even I love spicy hot pot very much. However if you choose red soup base or spicy hot pot, try to make it healthier by controlling the amount and quality of fat and oil.

2. Choose fresh main ingredients—make a good combination of meat and vegetables

We have to make sure that all materials prepared are fresh. And it is very import that you prepare more vegetables than meat. For vegetables, choose different types with different colors.  Such as green leaf vegetable, purple vegetables, or mushroom with dark color. ? Prepare some potato is also needed. They can be used as the staple food instead of noodles or pies. Certainly the choice is up to you. Select certain amount of bean products is also suggested. Fresh tofu, frozen tofu and bean curd skin are all ok. But avoid products with too much fat such as fried bean curd ?

3. Order for eating –Vegetables first, then meat

It is a common habit that people start eating meat when having hot pot. I used to do that too. My boyfriend likes to meat two or three plates of meat then start to eat vegetables. Why I recommend vegetables first? Because after having such amount of meat, you are almost full and cannot eat enough vegetable to clean the fat. We should eat at least twice amount of vegetables than meat.

4. Control temperature– keep warm but not boiling

Many people like to eat hot pot with buzzing feeling just from the boiling soup base. It is not a healthy way in fact. Our alimentary canal can endure at most 65℃ While the heat-resisting temperature of esophageal mucosa is  45℃. Thus the best way is to put the ingredients into a small dish and wait for minutes to cool down.    Besides, we have to pay attention that oil can keep your food especially hot. Thus the cooling time for spicy soup base might be a little longer than light soup base.

5. Control cooking time from different ingredients

Leafy vegetables should be instantly boiled. Long cooking time will increase the loss of nutrients as well as the fresh taste.   However, meat should be cooked to ensure that they are very well done to kill the bacteria and parasites. Too long cooking time will make the meat hard to mull over and lost the tastes. A nice choice is to batch adding rather than put all the meat in.

6. Match with smart dipping sauce

The most commonly used dipping sauce of hot pot is sesame oil or paste. Match smart dipping sauce with soup base to control the fat of the entire dish. At the same time, please do not eat too much dipping sauce. We should just dipping ingredients in.

7. Do not drink soup base

I do see lots of people drink the soup base. Some people even think that the soup base is nourishing.  In fact, there will be an amount of fat left in soup base if you cook meat. And there also might be nitrite or oxalic acid in the soup base if leafy vegetable is cooked. So if the soup smell so nice and we just want to have a drink, we can taste it at the very beginning of our hot pot journey.

Finally, hope that everyone can have a nice time with hot pot and your friends or family members.


    • Elaine says

      Thanks Angie.

      I hope you enjoy my hot pot recipes. I make different types of hot pot almost every week. All of them will be posted on this site. Wish you come back and check them.

  1. Lin wen says

    I’ve been searching for Sichuan hot pot recipes for quite sometimes now. I even asked my friend to bought cook books back for me from china but I still don’t understand much about Sichuan’s ingredients like different types of chili, how its to be used and other specific ingredients such as different types of “jiang”.

    I would like to ask if you could teach me more about Sichuan’s ingredients and instruction of how to cook Sichuan hot pot from scratch or any other Sichuan dishes? I kinda addicted to Sichuan cuisine.

    Thank you in advance :) btw, I really really love your site.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi Lin Wen,

      Thanks for stopping by. You are right that the chilis used in hot pot is various and a little bit difficult to understand them. I will write a detailed post introducing the chilis used in hot pot soup base one by one.

      And for your question about “jiang” actually is different types of pastes for example peanut paste or sesame paste. Thoes different types of pastes are usually used in the dips for the hot pot.

      I have many sichuan dishes on the site now, I hope they can help to inspire. And surely I will bring more dishes belong to sichuan cuisine.

      Thanks again for your kindly comment. Bon Appetit!

  2. Lin wen says

    My grandparents are actually 華僑 and I living in Thailand right now. I went to studied Chinese in Beijing a couple years ago and that was the time I discovered the magic taste of Sichuan cuisine.

    I asked a lot of Chinese people and read a lot of Chinese cook books but I still seem to know nothing about Sichuan cuisine. That is probably my Chinese is suck ㄎㄎ. So I don’t know how to tell you how glad I am to found your site :)

    I surly have heaps of questions to ask you and learn from you. Thank you so much that you creating this site to let the world see how fantastic Sichuan cuisine is.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Lin wen,
      It is really nice to know that your grandparents are 華僑 and your support is so kind. I will work harder to bring the excellent sichuan dishes. I love them so much.
      If you have any question concerning about sichuan cuisine, let me know. I will try my best to provide information you need.

      • Deep Pal says

        You should start a food channel in youtube . I am sure you would go on to become a celebrity chef in youtube. Awestruck of your expertise in Sichuan cuisine. I was searching intensively for a good site for Sichuan cuisine ( I absolutely love it) , ad after a lot of search I am glad I found the best site that is out there. Thanks for all the wonderful recipes.God bless.

        • Elaine Luo says

          Thanks Pal for your lovely words. I have the plan to build a channel in youtube and I absolutely love your suggestion. SO sweet and motivating. Thanks again.

          • Deep Pal says

            I made some Hot Pot yesterday , I followed your recipe , and added some Shaoxing Wine ( to give more depth to the flavors ) while making the sauce , and topped off the hot pot with lot of chilli oil . Turned out great . Thanks for the recipe . Unfortunately , did not pay heed to your advise of not taking the “soup” , and I am really in big trouble since yesterday 😛 , but it is totally worth it :D.

            Btw , can you share a recipe for making authentic chilli oil ? I do make it in a very simple way and it is just not right , that is what I feel . I once saw some celebrity chinese chef , using three different kind of chillis for making chilli oil , and also using a lot of spices ( spring onion , star anise, fennel etc) . Thanks in advance . God bless.

  3. Sapana says

    Hello Elaine
    I am Ms. Sapana from Mumbai, India.
    I am a huge fan of Sichuan dishes specially Hotpot.
    I first time had it in Shanghai several years ago.
    I was living in Tokyo for a long time there I went to Hinabe i.e. hotpot restaurants nearly 2 times a month. Yes, I love it that much.
    After shifting to India last year, I miss it badly.
    I am trying to make at home. But want to make same as I used to have in Tokyo.
    Could you please help me?
    I love the ShaoFeiYan version of soup bases white n red.
    Please let me know the ingredients required apart from you mentioned on your website.
    I don’t eat pork and beef so please let me know which substitutes to make. I have fresh chicken and fresh mutton available. Also please tell me how to make so thin slices of it.
    Also, the flat n thick noodles taste amazing at end of hotpot eating. I am not able to get them in India, could you please tell me how to make them at home?


    • Elaine Luo says

      Hello Sapana,

      Thanks for stopping by and I am really happy to have you as a companion in the world of hot pot.

      However even in my hometown, different restaurants have their own recipes for making hot pot soup base and have slightly difference in the tastes with dips. So it would be hard for me to figure out the one you hade in Tokyo. I am sorry for that.

      Besides, I have never heard of ShaoFeiYan version in China since we do not have this restaurant or brand in China. Could you please provide some detailed description about that version?

      The thin slices of resturants are cut by machine. We are buying the cut ones avaiable in supermarket. Can you find them? For chicken meat, we do not need to cut it into super thin pieces! Only beef and mutton are needed to be cut into thin slices.

      As for the flat n thick noodles, are you referring super thin pancakes (noodles?)

  4. Sapana says

    Hi Elaine, Thanks for the reply. ShaoFeiYan is Little Sheep. In Japan they call it as ShaoFeiYan Hinabe i.e. Little Fat Sheep Hotpot (the same famous restaurant you mentioned in ur site). I tried to order their soup base packets online but its not shipped to India for some reason.So If you know their soup base recipe then please share with me. I like their white and red soup bases. Also the noodles I am talking about are available at Little sheep. On searching on their website, I found that they call it ‘Fresh Thick Noodles’ in Japanese they call it Hiramen.It will be great if you can tell me how it make it.

    • Elaine Luo says

      That make sense Sapana. Little sheep is a famous brand in China. I am sorry that I have not figure that out. We named it as Xiaofeiyang.

      I eat little sheep frequently and I never tried to make their soup base at home. Give me some time and I will try to help.

      As for the ‘Fresh Thick Noodles’, I further checked about it. Is it a kind of fresh made noodle which is wider than daily noodles? In China, we call it kuan mein.

  5. Sapana says

    Hi Elaine, please let me know the little sheep soup base recipe in case you try. It will be wonderful. yes, the noodles wider than regular. At first I thought I will get all ingredients in India easily, but surprisingly its very hard to find the Sichuan spices here. I got few which are Indian versions. But I was thinking of buying from China online, from single website all original Sichuan spices required for Hotpot. So do you know any good website for online shop for the ingredients (which will ship to India)? Thanks.

    • Elaine Luo says


      I will try to see the ingredients used in little sheep but our spring festival is coming so I will try to get it later.

      I am sorry that I did not find any websites in china that can ship to India. I suggest you to search some Chinese trade company in India to see whether they can provide those spices.

      And I know the noodles you are talking about. I will post a recipe so that you can make similar ones at home but it needs long time practice. And I am in the process of learning Chinese hand-pulled noodles.

  6. George says

    Hi Elaine, I am trying to find how to make the sesame dipping sauce. Do you by chance have a version of the recipe? I find the sesame paste at Asian store in the US but I don’t know how to duplicate the saltiness of the original. Thanks!

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi George,

      There are some versions of sesame dipping sauce. Basically the sesame paste should be diluted with warm water and then add other ingredients for example sesame oil, sometimes fermented tofu etc. So would you provide me a little bit more information for example, what kind of hot pot you are eating when encountering with the sesame dipping sauce? What’s really matters. And I will be glad to help.

      • George says

        Thanks for the reply Elaine.
        From what I remember, I had the type of hotpot similar to “Soup Bases –the basic soul of hot pot” picture. It was in Beijing. I had mainly lamb, beef and various vegetables. The dipping sauces was very salty and uniform in color and texture. This is all I remember.

        • Elaine Luo says


          If you are eating this hot pot in Beijing, I guess I know the sesame dipping sauce you are referring to. It is not only sesame paste. It is a combined dipping sauce mainly with sesame paste. The special saltiness you mentioned is not bought by common salt but by pickled tofu(check here

          I list the basic recipe here and you can have a try. The amount is for one bowl.
          2 tablespoons sesame paste
          2 tablespoons warm water
          1 teaspoon light soy sauce
          1 small piece of pickled tofu (white ones are better )
          2 teaspoon sesame oil
          1 tablespoon leek flower paste (If you cannot find it, you can skip this)
          1/2 teaspoon sugar

          Add warm water to the sesame paste and stir in one direction until you get a pasty texture. Use a finger to dip in, and you will see the paste drops as a straight line.
          And then mash the pickled tofu and add into the pasty. Add other ingredients expect the sesame oil and stir in one direction.
          Final add the sesame oil in. Mix well.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi Katherine,

      Thanks for the question. It depends! We do not eat most of the soup base because there are too much spices and oil.Soup bases are mainly for flavoring. However there some a few types of hot pot soup base can eaten such as mild lamb hot pot and mushroom hot pot etc.

      The most important thing is that if you love to drink soup base, you should drink it at the very beginning for healthy consideration.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi April,

      I have the plan to post a recipe considering about the soup bases from different brands. I get many readers ask via E-mail and comment. Please be patience with me.

  7. GJC says

    Hi. I stumbled upon your site while learning about Chinese hot pot. I’m actually a beef producer in Australia looking for beef markets in china. Hot pots has come up a few times as a common method beef is consumed.
    Can you give me thoughts on how mothers would buy beef for home hot pots in china?
    How much would they buy typically for a meal? Eg 4 onces
    Would they buy a frozen product?
    Do they mainly buy beef sliced, meat balls and or dumplings?
    Would they perceive Australian beef as a premium product?
    Would some perceive low fat grass fed product as premium over fatty grain feed beef?

    I would appreciate any comments. I assume you are in USA but have strong roots in china?
    Thanks in advance.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi GJC,
      In fact, I am based in China. For Chinese hot pot, we always buy sliced beef because slicing really thin beef for hot pot is not a task that everybody can handle at home. Sometimes also buy some beef balls. But the most common one is sliced beef.
      As for the amount, I guess at least 500gm over 1 pound is needed for hot pot.Hot pot usually is for family gathering or social gathering. Usually we also match with some other proteins like pork slices and lamb. In the city where I am living, people love to buy imported beef because of the high quality.
      And yes, we think beef from Australian and New Zealand is of high quality. Of cause grass fed products are better than fatty grain feed beef.
      I hope those information can help in some way and wish you good luck in your business.

  8. Linda says

    Dear Elaine , Last time I’ve visited Chongqing , my family took me twice to a different kind of hot pot , it wasn’t spicy , and it was made with chicken and chestnut . Ever since , I am thinking of that recipe , It might have been the best thing I ever ate . Even tried a few times to cook but did not manage to fill the gaps . Have you any idea what is the recipe ?

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi Linda,
      It might be slightly different to replicate the recipe exactly because there are indeed so many yummy Chicken hot pot at Chongqing. Do you mean Sichuan style braised Chicken? Are all the ingredients cooked already? With or without broth and dipping sauce?

  9. Rebecca Pearce says

    Hi Elaine, Great Recipes. Best ever. Do you know of any web site that sells the cooking pot with the chimney that you use in the hot pot recipes. Also what is that pot called.
    Many thanks

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi Rebecca,
      I am not sure what’s exact name. We call it old style hot pot pot, which is now still popular in many Beijing style hot pot and Yunnan style hot pot. We have them in special market selling restaurants tools and I do not know if it is available outside China.

    • Elaine Luo says

      Hi Rebecca,
      It might be named as copper pot. Try to see whether you can find some. If you really need it but unable to find satisfying product, I can help to source some in China.

      • Rebecca Pearce says

        Hi Elaine,
        Thanks for your reply. As a matter of general interest I have found that the pot is called a
        “Mongolian Chinese Hot Pot” and can be bought on :- .
        PS> I have just tried your “Beef Chow Fun” absolutely brilliant.

        • Elaine Luo says

          Thanks for the information Rebecca. I hope this will be helpful to those who need to have this equipment.

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